Factors Affecting Workplace Health and Safety

All business owners bear the responsibility of ensuring that their places of work adhere to the minimum standards stipulated in Workplace Health and Safety regulations. There also are specific regulations dealing with Workplace Equipment, Manual Handling, Working at Height and Fire Safety Order among other requirements. New Zealand workplace health and safety regulations take into account a number of factors for instance.

Temperature and Ventilation

Enclosed places of work require being ventilated sufficiently. A lot of shops and offices are fitted with air conditioning, implying that ventilation is not a problem usually, even though air conditioning might pose its won challenges. People normally differ in their requirements for warmth. It might be impractical to specify a standard temperature to suit the needs of everyone. Office environments however need to be maintained at a minimum of 16°C and areas requiring physical activity such as warehouses at 13°C minimum temperature. Business owners need not adhere to any maximum limits of temperature. However most of them might require comfort and productivity for their staff and thus undertake measures to minimize any high temperatures present.


Levels of lighting need to suit the type of work being undertaken at business premises. Backup/emergency lighting requires being provided where general lighting could fail. Overall levels of lighting, called Lux Levels, vary between different activities and may range from 50 lux to over 800 for close detailed precision work. New Zealand workplace health and safety regulators advise for example that controllable lighting could lead to reduced stress levels along with increased levels of job satisfaction.


All the staff require having personal space and adequate area to facilitate effectiveness while working along with freedom of movement. It is ideal to have 11 cubic meters, having accounted for the floor as well as areas behind and above the worker.

Workstation Arrangements and Design

It is important to provide suitable seating that supports lower legs and back if work gets completed while sitting down. Reasonable adjustments like raising desks or providing footrests should be made in cases where the user is either too tall or too short.

Floors and Staircases

Floors need to be kept in good order with surfaces which are even and non-slippery. Handrails should be fitted into staircases and many offices now have mandatory rules of using handrails owing to possibilities of accidents including trips, slips and falls.

Housekeeping and Cleanliness

Places of work require being kept tidy and clean. Waste materials should be removed regularly and not allowed to build up. Cleaning of workplace environments that includes ceilings and walls should be done regularly too.

Gates and Doors

Gates and doors need to be constructed in a suitable manner with appropriate safety gadgets and any glass used adhering to required quality standards. Fire doors should be kept closed not being utilized and not left open.

Overall, business owners within New Zealand require considering different factors affecting health and safety within the workplace. Suitable systems are available from specialists in this field that comply with New Zealand workplace health and safety requirements.